2008年2月5日星期二

習慣

法師Ven. Dr. Kakkapalliye Anuruddha在其中一堂講到人的好壞。每個人均有好和壞的東西,我們不必因此感到不安或自責,應培養好的習慣,不斷地增加好的東西,逐步除去壞的,每當興起壞的念頭時,應立即把它息滅。我們的日常行為其實受我們的習慣影響,只要能堅持培養良好的習慣,便能慢慢改變自己。

Habit in psychology, any regularly repeated behaviour that requires little or no thought and is learned rather than innate. A habit—which can be part of any activity, ranging from eating and sleeping to thinking and reacting—is developed through reinforcement and repetition. Reinforcement encourages the repetition of a behaviour, or response, each time the stimulus that provoked the behaviour recurs. The behaviour becomes more automatic with each repetition. Some habits, however, may form on the basis of a single experience, particularly when emotions are involved. Habits, as discussed by William James in his Principles of Psychology, are useful as the means for conserving higher mental processes for more demanding tasks, but they promote behavioral inflexibility.

"habit." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 5 Feb. 2008 <http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9038702>.

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