2011年2月15日星期二

第一章 古印度的素食主義 2

Shravasti Dhammika, To EAT OR NOT TO EAT MEAT: A BUDDHIST REFLECTION

Chapter 1   Vegetarianism in ancient India

2. Many arguments are used to support vegetarianism – the health argument (a meat diet causes various diseases), the biological argument (humans are not naturally carnivorous), the economic argument (animal husbandry is an inefficient form of food production), and the humane argument (eating meat requires killing animals which is cruel). Some of these arguments are rather weak, others less so. But from the point of view of Buddhist ethics the only one of these arguments that has to be considered is the last one. Does the Pali Tipitaka, the earliest record of the Buddha’s teachings, contain anything suggesting that Buddhists should be vegetarian?

達爾卡法師 著   伍煥炤 譯 :《吃肉還是不吃肉:佛教的反思》

第一章   古印度的素食主義

2. 有很多論據支持素食主義 — 健康方面的論據 (吃肉導致各種疾病) 、生物方面的論據 (人類不是天生肉食性的)、經濟方面的論據 (畜牧業是沒有效率的食物生產模式),以及人道方面的論據 (吃肉是殘忍的,因要殺死動物)。上述的論據有部份非常薄弱,其他則不然。但從佛教道德的觀點來看,只有最後一點要加以考慮。最早期記錄佛陀教導的巴利文《大藏經》,其內容有否顯示佛教徒應吃素呢?

* 歡迎轉載,但請註明出處和不改動譯文內容。

沒有留言:

發佈留言