Shravasti Dhammika, To EAT OR NOT TO EAT MEAT: A BUDDHIST REFLECTION
Chapter 1 Vegetarianism in ancient India
7. However, it would seem that the first evidence for Buddhist vegetarianism also comes from the Vinaya. Most scholars agree that much of the Vinaya dates from some time after the Buddha so some of the things it says may not necessarily reflect what was believed or done during his time. In the Vinaya, Devadatta is said to have demanded that vegetarianism be made compulsory for monks and nuns. “For as long as life lasts, let them not eat fish or meat (maccha mamsam). Whoever does so would be stained by a fault.” (Vinaya II,197). Devadatta is always depicted in Buddhist literature as a villain. This story suggests that within perhaps a century of the Buddha’s passing there was a strong movement in the Sangha for vegetarianism but a stronger one against it.
7. 然而，最先有關佛教素食主義的證據也似乎來自戒律。大多數的學者都同意，有部份的戒律在佛陀之後的時期出現，因此，當中提及的一些內容未必能反映他在世期間的想法和情況。戒律中記載提婆達多曾要求強制比丘和比丘尼奉行素食。「只要他們仍然活着，不要讓他們進食魚或肉 (maccha mamsam) 。誰這樣做都會因過失而蒙污。」(《律藏》II, 197) 。佛教經典多把提婆達多描寫成壞人。這個故事顯示約在佛陀去世後的一百年內，僧團出現一個強大的素食主義運動，但它遇上更強大的反對力量。