2011年2月14日星期一

第一章 古印度的素食主義 1

Bhante Shravasti Dhammika著作己經翻譯成,初稿會先行在網址上發佈。 歡迎轉載,但請註明出處和不改動譯文內容。

Shravasti Dhammika, To EAT OR NOT TO EAT MEAT: A BUDDHIST REFLECTION

Chapter 1   Vegetarianism in ancient India

1. Vegetarianism is the practice of having a meat-free diet. There are different types of vegetarianism, e.g. lacto-vegetarians will eat dairy products but not eggs, and vegans will eat no products derived from animals. The first evidence for any type of vegetarianism comes from ancient Greece and India. The Greek philosopher Pythagoras (570-495 BCE) advocated vegetarianism and at around the same time in India, Mahavira, the founder of Jainism, was also advocating vegetarianism. Despite popular perceptions to the contrary, the Buddha, a younger contemporary of Mahavira, was not a vegetarian and did not explicitly insist on its practice in any of his teachings.

達爾卡法師 著   伍煥炤 譯 :《吃肉還是不吃肉:佛教的反思》

第一章   古印度的素食主義

1. 素食主義是奉行無肉的飲食。素食主義有不同的類別,例如乳品素食者會吃乳製品,但不吃雞蛋;純素食者不會吃任何產自動物的食品。最早有關素食主義的證據來自古希臘和印度。希臘哲學家畢達哥拉斯 (Pythagoras, 公元前570年-公元前495年) 提倡素食主義,而大約在相同時期的印度,耆那教的創立人瑪哈維拉 (Mahavira) 也同樣提倡素食主義。與普遍觀念不同的是,與瑪哈維拉同年代而較年輕的佛陀並不是素食者,在他的教導中從沒有明確主張奉行素食。

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