2011年3月7日星期一

第二章 佛教支持素食主義的論據 3

Shravasti Dhammika, To EAT OR NOT TO EAT MEAT: A BUDDHIST REFLECTION

Chapter 2   Buddhist arguments for vegetarianism

3.  As is often pointed out, the Precepts have two dimensions, to stop doing wrong (varitta) and to actually do good (caritta, Majjhima Nikaya III,46). In the case of the first Precept its varitta aspect would be avoiding killing and its caritta aspect would be doing what one could to nurture, protect and promote life. This is expressed in the Buddha’s full explanation of the Precept when he said, “Avoiding the taking of life, he dwells refraining from taking life. Putting aside the stick and sword he lives with care, kindness and compassion for living beings.” (Digha Nikaya I,4).

達爾卡法師 著   伍煥炤 譯 :《吃肉還是不吃肉:佛教的反思》

第二章  佛教支持素食主義的論據

3.  正如人們經常指出,五戒有兩方面,分別是停止做「應該遠離」(varitta) 的事和做「應該奉行」(caritta) 的事 (《中部》III, 46)。在不殺戒的情況,「應該遠離」的方面是避免殺生,而「應該奉行」的方面則是做能夠培育、保護和促進生命的事情。佛陀在詳細解釋不殺戒時這樣說:「避免殺害生命,他在生活時避免殺害生命。放下棒和刀,對眾生存有關心、仁慈和同情。」(《長部》I, 4)。

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