2011年5月24日星期二

第四章 殺生鏈的最後一環 3

Shravasti Dhammika, To EAT OR NOT TO EAT MEAT: A BUDDHIST REFLECTION

Chapter 4 The last link in the chain

Here is another quandary for you. The Buddha said that his lay disciples should avoid making their living by five trades (vanijja); these being trade in weapons (sattha), in human beings (satta), in meat (mamsa), in alcohol (majja) and in poisons (visa, Anguttara Nikaya III.208). Although this seems clear enough, looking at it a little more carefully might reveal something relevant to the question of meat eating. Why are these trades wrong, unwholesome or kammicly negative? Let’s have a look at arms dealing. While the blacksmith is forging steel to make a sword he is unlikely to have any evil intentions, he is probably preoccupied with forging his steel and he certainly does not kill anyone. The arms dealer who sells the sword does not kill anyone either. He’s just selling a commodity.

達爾卡法師 著   伍煥炤 譯 :《吃肉還是不吃肉:佛教的反思》

第四章  殺生鏈的最後一環

3.  這處有另一個難題給你。佛陀說在家佛弟子應避免以五種貿易 (vanijja) 為生;販賣武器 (sattha) 、人口 (satta) 、肉類 (mamsa)、酒精 (majja) 和毒藥 (visa,《增支部》III, 208) 。雖然這似乎已經很清楚,但細心一點觀察可揭示一些與吃肉有關的問題。為甚麼這些貿易是不對、不善和存有惡業的?讓我們看看武器交易。當鐵匠鍛造鋼材來製造一把劍時,他未必存有任何惡念,他可能只是專注在鍛造鋼材,並肯定沒有殺害任何人。售賣劍的武器商人同樣沒有殺害任何人,他只是在售賣一樣貨物。

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